ICT Presentation: blogs and wikis

Why Blog?

“Blogs: great for class portals, an online filing cabinet, e-portfolios… but better: a collaborative space for students and teachers to react to questions and scenarios … Student writing becomes authentic, relevant.”   Will Richardson, Connective Learning: educator, presenter, blogger, author of Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts and Other Powerful Web Tools for Classrooms

21 reasons to integrate blogging into the classroom (thanks to Anne Mirtschin for sharing some of these ideas).

  1. It is great fun!
  2. There is an authentic audience – a potential global audience.
  3. Suits all learning styles.
  4. Increased motivation for writing.
  5. Increased motivation for reading.
  6. Improved confidence levels (via comments and global dots on their cluster maps).   Students can share their strengths and upload areas of interest or units of work.
  7. Blogs facilitate use of text, multimedia, widgets, audio and images – all tools that digital natives want to use.
  8. Increased proofreading and validation skills.
  9. Improved awareness of cybersafety that may confront them in the real world, whilst in a sheltered classroom environment.
  10. Facilitates sharing – students are already involved in social networking – why not extend that to education?  They can share with each other, staff, their parents, the community, and the globe.
  11. Providing them with ‘out there’ web technologies and tools that are in use in the world of work.
  12. Mutual learning between students and teachers.
  13. Family members can view their child’s work and writings – regardless of their geographical location.
  14. Blogs may be used for digital portfolios and all the benefits this entails.
  15. Work is permanently stored, easily accessed and valuable comparisons can be made over time for assessment and evaluation purposes.
  16. Students are digital natives – blogging is a natural element of this.
  17. Gives students a chance to show responsibility and trustworthiness and engenders independence.
  18. Prepares students for digital citizenship as they learn cybersafety and netiquette.
  19. Fosters peer to peer mentoring.
  20. Allows student led professional development and one more……
  21. Students set the topics for posts – leads to deeper thinking activities.

And if you still not convinced:

Focused on primary school children, but a great message ‘Bring the World in, Blogging with your students

Learning with blogs and wikis: Using blogs and wikis to address student literacies

11 Advantages of using a blog for teaching

Blogs in Education

Where to start?

Global teacher, Global Teacher class blog, Student blog, Edublogs video tutorial, Blog tutorial

Why wikis?

Wikis are an extremely useful tool for collaborative projects, sharing knowledge, resource reppositories for students and teacher lesson plan/resource exchange and much more.  Limited technical expertise is required to contribute to a wiki, they are quick and easy to set up.  Think Wikipedia – it is a collaborative writing space that allows users to read, add, and edit text and files of any kind including sound, movies, and even links to other websites. To learn more about wikis visit  “The Seven Things You Should Know About Wikis”.

Free online wiki sites are available at  PB Wiki, Wet Paint, Wikispaces, Wikispaces for Educators and Jottit.  Here are some great sample wikis, which show what you can do:

Wiki: WebTools4U2Use

Wiki: Web2Tools

Wiki: Cool Tools for Schools

Wiki: Examples of Educational Wikis

What are the advantages of using wikis with students?

  1. Relatively simple technology
  2. Promotes “real-world” collaboration skills
  3. Fosters richer communication than synchronous communication (Mabrito, 2006)
  4. Pools strengths of many
  5. Assessable, easy to track
  6. Online collaborative writing produces higher quality writing than face-to-face collaboration (Passig and Schwartz, 2007)

Help with getting started:

Getting started with Wikispaces tutorial

How to set up a wiki at Wikispace

Student access to web tools

Presently I am working in an education environment that restricts student access to web technologies that I would like to use.   Keeping students safe is of course of paramount importance, but as we live in the 21st century awareness and use of these technologies are the skills our students need to develop for their future work life.  Working with a group of senior students, we were unable to access multimedia tools and reverted back to moviemaker and powerpoint.  Then came the opportunity to introduce students to networking, blogging, wikis and the like, and again I met with similar frustrations.  I turned to my professional network for advice in this regard and an  interesting discussion then began on this topic with both points of view being expressed in relation to working within the e-learning environment provided by Education Queensland (The Learning Place) and access to resources outside of this environment.

I share here some of the discussion for the information of other educators.  Undoubtedly there will continue to be two viewpoints amongst educators on this issue, similar to those expressed by Shane and Jonathan.

Shane Roberts:

Why would one need to specifically teach their students (and other staff) togo beyond the realms of EQ.  I’m not saying there isn’t relevant stuff out there beyond EQ, but setting out to send students and staff beyond EQ as the first option is not safe practice.

As stated, there is relevant stuff out there, but purposely promoting
external services equivalent to services offered by your organisation is not safe practice.  Ever been to a Telstra store for them to promote another carrier?

My main point of the first email was to outline the services available to EQteachers.  This was not an effort to single out Qld state / public teachers and I apologise if anyone else on this list feels marginalised by this conversation but the initial email was targetted to EQ teachers.

If one takes the time to explore Learning Place, BlackBoard, Voicethread, iConnect (Elluminate), and Curriculum Exchange they will be amazed at the functionality and resources they have access to.

And finally, we (EQ) teachers need to restrict publishing of student work to
public places to ensure student safety.  It is all about providing a safe
environment equitably for thousands of teachers and hundreds of thousands of students in an EQ location.  This is no different to any other learning environment needing to be safe.  As a HPE teacher I know students at some stage may swim in the surf.  This does not mean I teach them there.  I would love to be able to have open access, but as an employee of EQ I don’t, and it is therefore my responsibility to ensure I follow policy and expectations.

Something else to consider is that any work we produce is owned by EQ, not personally by us.  Therefore decision to host outside of EQ services cannot be a decision made by an individual teacher.  Its also important to note
that we do not own student work either, and requiring them to host outside EQ services is fraught with danger in my opinion.  Now this generally gets the back up of many people but it is true – the work is owned by EQ therefore they control copyright.

Jonathan Clark:

OK. How about this scenario?…

/You’re organising a Travel Buddy project with a teacher in the USA.
That teacher says, “Great. I am excited about this. I am going to make a
web site where we can place pictures, conversations and things we learn from our Travel Buddy exchange.” The teacher sets up the site, but of course it’s blocked in EQ so can’t be shared with the class.

“OK,” says you, “I’ll build the site in Blackboard (ie within the EQ
On the surface this seems OK. But the issues I have are:

a. It takes away the initiative the teacher from the USA showed. I have
to say to her, “I can’t use your site, but you can use mine (if I set
you up access).”
b. It means that I have to do that work. It’s harder to share the load.
c. It smacks of arrogance. “OK. We can collaborate, but you have to do
it in OUR system, as we are not allowed to use your system as our
department views others’ systems as inferior (and unsafe).”

This scenario is happening to me right now.

So, in answer to Shane’s question: Because I want to collaborate on a
legitimate and valuable educational project with a teacher outside the
EQ system (and indeed outside my country).

BTW How many real problems were created in the past from all those
online curriculum projects we designed, built and participated in well
before our education systems started building their own online facilities?

Margaret Lloyd, Ph D:

Thank you to all contributors to this conversation thus far – the postings have given us a glimpse at the complexity of the whole issue.

My first response is to be concerned about the oz-Teachernet projects and their future in Queensland state schools. But this is something I will follow up off-line with the Learning Place. I am hoping that our projects – and we’ve just launched Land Yachts for the third time – are going to be seen as OK. We do spend considerable time and effort to make our spaces ‘safe’ and ***touch wood*** have had no incidents of inappropriate behaviour from teachers or students in the 15 years we’ve been running online projects.  We don’t charge anyone anything – and never have. We think we are running these projects for the ‘right’ reasons and putting some real power into the hands of kids and teachers. Although similarly based in Queensland, we don’t see ourselves in opposition to the Learning Place. We see them as complementary.

Having said that, I do understand why EQ, or in fact, any system does what they do to protect the kids in their care. It would be irresponsible to allow Web 2.0 into schools and not put any boundaries on its use. I have this feeling that an equilibrium will one day be found between care and access. All systems need to begin with rules and tight parameters that start to be relaxed as people feel their way with what they can and can’t do, or should and shouldn’t do. Having said that, I am prepared to put up a fight to continue to have EQ schools take part in oz-Teachernet projects. Last year, Land Yachts had 400 kids in all states of Australia taking part. None of us would do anything to put any one of those kids at risk.

Andrew Westerman:

In EQ, the Learning Place provides a location for parents and schools to
set up booking timetables for interviews via The Learning Place. This is
secure. Frankly, I would have thought a system based on email would have
been sufficient or better, but the facility is there if EQ schools want it.

The Learning Place also offer blogs (to refer to Marie’s query). While
Global Student may provide a more attractive interface, the
functionality is the same. But security is guaranteed with the LP.

As a teacher, I cannot be sure who runs or works for Global Student.
This means I am exposing my children to potential threats by using it.
Most teachers can see the possibilities for breach of duty of care in
that, especially if the blog is very personal (as we hope some will be).


“Why would one need to specifically teach their students (and other staff) to go beyond the realms of EQ”

Because there is a big wide world out there that is inhabited by all the
students we teach on a daily basis, because every teacher has their own teaching style, preferences and needs, because teachers specifically (as a profession) are open and adventurous and like to try new things to see what works best in their classes (and every class dynamic is different), because teachers like to share and collaborate with teachers and classes all over the world. Or maybe we could just wrap Queensland in cotton wool, cut all the cables and pretend that there is not a world out there that our students need to be prepared for.

Jenni Fewtrell:

With Ed Qld’s revised Code of Conduct it looks like we may have to work
within the Learning Place for blogging and other collaborative projects.

Maybe with all of us working together to provide feedback about the
functionality of the LP. they will work on better usability for our younger students. For one, the multiple passwords to access LP is so difficult with any primary student.

We can only try….

Well said Jenni. 

Class blogging prep

How exciting!  We’re getting ready to start  class and student blogs!   We’ll be mirroring some of the activities that Anne Mirtschin’s class at ejourneys for technokids have done, so it’s great to have such a terrific lead to follow.  I’m really looking forward to exploring Web 2.0 tools via blogging and hopefully the students will be equally enthused.   I decided that it would be good to familiarise students with the blogosphere and a few other applications before we dived in, so for other teacher considering blogging, here is an outline of how we are starting:

Photo by Zappowbang

Lesson 1

1. introduce students to an internet portal. This can be an igoogle page, Pageflakes or Netvibes.  Students created a google account and  had fun adding a theme to their page and gadgets such as calendar, to-do list, quote of the day, news etc and I asked that they added a google reader.   They added games and fun things in another tab on their igoogle page.

2. I used the class blog I had created via global teacher to show them how to add a feed to their reader.  We looked at the page layout and widgets on the class blog: posts, comments, blogroll, clustr map, archives etc.  Students read the mission statement and code of conduct.  Thanks to Nancy Bosch for the use of a blog Mission Statement and Code of Conduct via her blog: A Really Different Place.  Parent permission letters are also being sent out as well as students signing a blogging guidelines agreement form.  (Thanks to Gail Casey from Geelong High School for Blogging Guidelines).

Lesson 2

1. Students are introduced to blogs via the links on the class blog.  They visisted The Next Generation of Bloggers, and student blogs at ejourneys for technokids, leaving a comment on at least two blogs.    Since we are awaiting parent permission forms to be returned, students will write a blog post in Word introducing themselves.  This will be added to their personal blogs when created.

Lesson 3

This lesson will be focused on internet safety awareness and I’ll be adding a wiki I’ve created  to the class blog for students to explore.

Lesson 4

This is the lesson we will be setting up blogs via global student. To do this, students students need an email address (which they have) and a username.  Students will add their class teacher as administrator.  To do this: students login and then go to ‘users’ on top right hand side of dashboard, ‘add user from community’, enter teacher email address, change role to ‘administrator’.  The teacher then goes to the class blog and open the ‘users’ link (top right hand side of dashboard), under ‘manage users’ a drop down menu will list the student blogs.

Once set up, students will spend the lesson adding a design to their blog, we’ll be looking at adding widgets and the dashboard in general.

Subsequent lessons

Once students are familiar with the basic blogging platform, we’ll be exploring Web 2.0 tools alongside blogging.

I would like to thank those educators who have mentored, guided and inspired me in what they are doing with their students and who have taught me so much.  Thanks to Sue Waters at The Edublogger, Mobile Technology at TAFE, for her patience in answering my inexperienced questions, John Pearce at Salty Solutions for his comprehensive coverage of my how-to-start-class-blogs questions, Elizabeth Davis at Classroom 2.0 for sharing her Computer Applications syllabus (which I have used as a basis for developing this Web 2.0 applications/blogging unit). And to Anne, who always kindly responds to my pleas and queries. To Vicki Davis who amazes me with her energy, wisdom, knowledge and ability to always be on the cutting edge of anything new!  What an amazing teacher!

Also thanks to all those who responded to my discussion on assessment criteria for blogs at Classroom 2.0. Thanks Nancy Bosch for sharing a blogging rubric.

Finally, to all those I may have omitted to mention.  I could stay up till midnight going through my blogroll listing everyone in this post. Please forgive me for not having the stamina to do so!

Pingback explained

I had noticed some comments appearing in my blog using ‘pingback’.  Initially I ignored the meaning of ‘pingback’ but then began to notice it more on blogs I read and wondered about its origin.  My understanding of pingback is that it is an automatic system notifying bloggers when a comment is made about a post they have written.

Sue Waters at The Edublogger kindly agreed to provide an explanation and demonstration of how it works.  Sue recently wrote a very helpful post about using online polls in a blog, As a result of my mentioning and linking Sue’s post, Sue will automatically receive an email to notify her that I have mentioned her post.

So over to you Sue …

Here is Sue’s post of What’s a pingback?

Class blogs

Image created in Wordle.

I was wondering where to start in setting up a class blog for a group of distance education (primary) students. Despite having my own blog, there were issues I was unsure about. Knowing that there was a wealth of wisdom and experience out there, I decided to tap into my network, oz-teachers listserv. The advice I received is reprinted below  for the benefit of other educators who may be feeling a little hesitant about how to start or where to start. Many thanks to my friend Anne and to John, Rob and Frances, who replied to my plea for help.

Anne’s response:

Q1. I am wondering whether it would be better to have one blog that the
students can contribute to rather than a blog each.

Response:- Initially I would have one blog that students contribute to. This would mean they save their files on a drive and allow you as teacher to grab them either by email attachments and upload them onto the blog post. More work for you, but when confidence with the system grows, revert to individual blogs if all goes well. Or, they could all be added as users rather than administrators. What is role of tutor parents? I would encourage parents to comment back on posts as much as possible.

Q2. Wondering whether to start off with a ‘closed’ network so that students
can freely post images of themselves, family etc?

Response:- Except in exceptional circumstances, I would never advise closed blogs as this destroys the very nature and potential powerful learning outcomes that can arise. One reason our student blogs are so successful, is that they are ‘out there’, students love them online, comments come in from global students and teachers and this encourages them to continue writing more effectively. The connectedness with other global citizens is something that needs to be experienced to understand the amazing increased learning outcomes. Sharing, connectedness and social networking is what kids love and thrive on. If parental permission is provided, wallow photos of students, groups etc as long as they do not name who is in the photo. You can use software like www.befunky.com to disguise quite well the actual individual photos. After 10 months there have been no cyber safety issues at all.

Q3. What subject strand to follow?

Response:- I would start with just general topics and themes, for everyone to get comfortable, confident etc eg Set five goals for the remainder of the year. Describe why the area you live in is unique. Prompts are great and students may be responsible for providing some of the prompts each week. A general literacy or English area would be the easiest or civics and citizenship. Geography might be a good one due to the nature of the blog.

Q4. Cyber safety issues:

Response:- A page linked added to the home blog with some valuable links. I like some of those linked on the global teacher page.

Q5. Understanding copyright issues.

Response:- This is a big issue. Students and even some staff feel that anything on the internet is free for all and it needs to be constantly ‘drummed in’. There are some great little videos on youtube and teachertube. Be prepared to keep commenting back when issues arise. It is another learning activity.

Q6. Anyone who is running a class blog envisage what I may need to prepare/have missed?

Start simple, then add to it as it evolves. Students themselves will drive the direction and indicate other things that can be added. An about me page is essential. Links to other global class blogs will encourage students to read other’s work, and see the potential of blogging. Encourage them to add comments on other student work. Other keen global students will then return to the blog, comment and the connections start. I have started getting students from other areas and countries coming to my blog and commenting on post prompts, so my class is increasing in size all the time and this makes it so exciting for teachers. Add the clustr map as that is a great motivator. If students have individual blogs, get them to add a photo a week with a brief description (one they have taken of course) Encourage the addition of multimedia to cope with multiliteracies. A voicethread for students to introduce themselves would be great on one page (avoiding any personal details.) Photo manipulation and resizing needs to be taught as well.

Footnote: Initially, the biggest issue will be teaching them how to use and drive their blog. This will take some coordination and tutuorial type activities. Being distance education students, I assume that they are savvy with emails and other technological equipment, which means they are comfortable and confident with technology.

John’s response:

Given that you are working with junior distance ed students, like Anne said my experience is that when introducing blogging to students it is easiest for a number of reasons to set up a class or group based blog. Class blogs take the pressure off of all students to write all of the time yet have the blog continue to grow. It also means that you, the students and parents have only one webspace to have to focus on initially and that things are easier for you from an administration point of view.

Especially in your situation with Distance Ed it would be relatively tricky I would have thought to set up a closed blog. That apart, at the schools I have worked in, and that is in excess of 300 blogs, we have always had the blogs completely live to the web. Part of the process of working with blogs is educating the students about the fabulous opportunities as well as the many pitfalls that can occur from using the internet. This can only be done by working live to the web. Students draw so much encouragement when they embed maps such as Clustrmaps which show where their readers live.

As far as personal images go, as Anne says there are a number of ways in which these can be altered. It can also be useful for students to discover ways of showing images that don’t include facial features. Again this is part of educating the students about being aware of the pitfalls of using the internet, Most parents also, once they realise what the images are to be used for are only too ready to allow appropriate pictures to be inserted into the blogs.

Like Anne suggested, I would definitely start out with just a general blog probably with the aim of telling about what is happening. In the class situation, this is relatively easy, and probably in the distance ed situation where students maybe doing lots of diverse things, there will also be lots of things to talk about.

One thing you might like to take account of the is the fact that blogs, especially into blogs allow you to set up categories. This is a powerful way of allowing individuals to access just their work. In the case of Middle P Prattlings, http://mrpbps.learnerblogs.org/ ,you can see down the left-hand side the list of all the students in grade, listed as categories. You can also see in the posts, the name of the post-author and the category in which the post belongs.

As far as safety goes, there are lots of resources out there that may help. On all of our later blogs, we have included a set of rules that you can access and copy at http://mrpbps.globalstudent.org.au/the-rules-rule/ . The Commonwealth government cyberquoll site http://www.cyberquoll.com.au/hub.htm is also worth a look at. As far as Copyright goes the smartcopy site http://www.smartcopying.edu.au/allright/index.htm is well worth a look at especially to yourself and you might also like to consider the copyright for kids linked on my test blog http://mrpbps.globalstudent.org.au/ .

To get some idea of the other tools, and which it is in things it you can use to spice up your blog, you might like to have a look at http://saltysolutions.pbwiki.com/ and http://projectingpassionately.pbwiki.com/FrontPage which both have short discussions and examples of a range of other add-ins some of which Anne has mentioned in her post.

Are there are a number of blogging portals out there, the one that I like use edublogs http://edublogs.org/ . To help get you started with edublogs, you can find a tutorial handout http://www.box.net/shared/mhta5gtc0c , that you can download at my blog http://johnp.wordpress.com/ at under the tutorials tab. On my blog, you’ll also find a link to a new book that I and a colleague have written as an introduction to blogging and lots more elements of Web 2.0.

As Anne suggested once you start blogging there are lots of other skills, and things to learn about, which will no doubt be challenging but also very exciting.

Rob (Victoria):

One option would be to start with the teacher posting the main articles
(blog posts) and allow students to comment … so they can still express
themselves straight away …but with some control.

You could set it up so only your students could comment to start with if
you wanted, even if it was publicly visible – and/or could set up
moderation so there was a little delay between writing comments and
seeing them (ie you approve each comment) … could also do that on an
open blog where all can comment  … would allow you to catch anything
that needs editing or deleting, from your students of outsiders, before
its visible.

WordPress (eg edublogger) allows this sort of flexibility, and pretty
sure blogger does too.

Then could move to individual blogs – I know wordpress (and therefore
edublogger) has a ‘multiuser’ option designed for ‘class sets’ of blogs
(edublogger calls it ‘campus’ I think), but I’ve never used it   –

But standard edublogger blogs are ok as well … then kids can choose
their own design style, and publish both posts and comments ….


We have grade blogs which are used for various purposes. These, and
years blogs are listed on my staff PD site:

We actually use the blogs to help us teach cyber safety & copyright
awareness. Have a look at the Year 5 & 6 blogs for examples.

Blogging for learning

Blogging offers so many opportunites for learners of all ages.  After reading Anne Mirtschin’s 20 reasons why students should blog any educator would be convinced to introduce it into the classroom.  It improves literacy skills,  develops deeper thinking and because it has a wider audience than the traditional teacher-student exchange, promotes self-esteem and confidence plus a whole host of other learning.    Hopefully more and more schools will take it on board across the curriculum.