Inferencing skills are an important foundational skill and a prerequisite for higher-order thinking (Marzano 2010). The understanding that information is not stated literally but is implied improves skills in drawing conclusions. However, many students struggle with this concept and using Question-Answer-Relationship (QAR) will assist their understanding.
Using a text, four types of questions can be asked:
1. Answer is right there: Answers are in the text using the same words as in the question
2. Think and search: Answers are in different parts of the text and put together to identify meaning .
3. Author and You: Information is provided in the text and the reader draws on their own experience to provide a response.
4. On Your Own: Prior knowledge is used to answer a question.