Inferencing skills

Inferencing skills are an important foundational skill and a prerequisite for higher-order thinking (Marzano 2010).    The understanding that  information is not stated literally but is implied improves skills in drawing conclusions. However,  many students struggle with this concept and using Question-Answer-Relationship (QAR) will assist their understanding.

Using a text, four types of questions can be asked:

1. Answer is right there: Answers are in the text using the same words as in the question

2. Think and search: Answers are in different parts of the text and put together to identify meaning .

3. Author and You: Information is provided in the text and the reader draws on their own experience to provide a response.

4. On Your Own: Prior knowledge is used to answer a question.

How to use QAR is described in more detail here.

Some excellent inferential worksheets are available here.